Whether to commit crimes, to be used illicit trafficking or to puzzle out, the fact is that car theft has reached such a degree of "specialization" that criminals are made one in just 30 seconds, without causing any damage.
Last year They were stolen in Spain 43,335 and only recovered 11,787 (27%), According to statistics of the Ministry of Interior. Some of these thefts are investigated by the Organized Crime Group Auto Show Central Operational Unit (UCO) of the Civil Guard, whose captain feje explains how the "modus operandi" bands specialized in the smuggling of vehicles, usually four nationalities: Bulgarian, Polish, Spanish and Moroccan.
Madrid, with about 13,000 robberies, Barcelona, Valencia, Alicante and Malaga are the areas where most thefts occur. And it seems that Seat Leon is the model that steals. But thieves do not averse to any car, from the Land Rover, very "appreciated" in southern Spain by drug traffickers to drug alijar, to cars reaching 160,000 euros or other like Dacia Duster, highly demanded in Morocco. In the last three years they have stolen 300 Dacia Duster and UCO 121 registered and located in Morocco.
Car theft in less than 30 seconds
As the captain explains team leader Automobile Organized Crime, Bulgarians are specialists in this type of theft, because it is their country, with a very demanding legislation for the introduction of cars, electronics vehicles leaving the market to see their vulnerabilities is studied.
In Bulgaria, legally, they develop software for so-called OBD (On board diagnostics), a kind of USB position with which you have access to all vehicle electronics. Sale, for about 9,000 euros, It is legal because the workshops make use of it, but the thieves buy for "other purposes".
Poles, meanwhile, steal cars despiezarlos night in ships and wastelands. In just two hours left clean chassis, loaded onto trucks and parts Road transport them to polynya, where they sold to scrap yards, according to the Civil Guard.
The countries of Eastern Europe are the traditional recipients of stolen cars in Spain, as organized gangs have contacts with recipients of their countries. But also Africa, and especially Morocco and Mauritania, are other destinations for this commodity.
New routes for stolen cars
The UCO has confirmed other new routes as, for example, the journey of cars stolen in Madrid, Barcelona and Marbella. From there they took them to Oporto (Portugal), were loaded in containers to go by boat to Algeciras and from this Cadiz town to Bangkok.
They have discovered a route that is what moves cars container from Canada to the Canary Islands and from the islands, Senegal. And to avoid control at Spanish ports, criminals often choose make kilometers through Europe to take the cars to Africa from Amsterdam, Rotterdam (Netherlands) and Antwerp (Belgium).
Others take advantage of Operation Paso del Estrecho to introduce in stolen cars Africa. This year, the Civil Guard and European police who collaborate in this task detected 43 in just two weeks.
The "modus operandi" of stealing cars
For illicit trafficking thieves control routines desired car and once decided the moment, the next step is to open it with different methods: from picks up inhibitors to prevent its owner closure.
Once opened the car and with the right device, since the OBD is different in each model, locate the USB port, eliminate the immobilizer and tear. This operation lasts 30 seconds. After thieves create a new key with the so-called "miracle kit" that are provided to copy the software.
Then touches give the car a new identity by changing enrollment. Place a plate forged registration plates corresponding to that of a car of the same model. As well manipulate the frame number they get just by asking Traffic data folding car with the excuse to check if you have loads of fines. A "hole" in the administration that allows data thieves to get the car owner cloned from.
Also they falsify other documents, as ITV card or driving license. In this case, blank cards stolen in traffic offices because they are more difficult to falsify water stains manufacture. These cards are numbered, but are not associated with a particular car, preventing counterfeit check if another "hole" that should be reviewed.
With this new identity, the car must leave Spain for no two models with the same registration circulating. Outside our country, under a false contract of sale matriculation in the country and sold to a third party.
Right now it is very difficult to follow the track, according to the Civil Guard. But if a stolen car is located the judge will decide whether the buyer has acquired in good faith or is returned to its first owner keeps it.