In 1919 André Citroën launched its first car, which in turn would the first European mass production car, the Type A. His inspiration as the production process came from across the Atlantic as it traveled to the United States for detailed production chain devised by Henry Ford. This was only the first step of this French engineer, a true visionary who launched one of the most charismatic and innovative brands, and over 95 years he has created icons that remain in the retina of any motorsport enthusiast. To sample these five models.
Citroën Traction Avant
It was a flagship model of the interwar period (1934). The Traction Avant was ahead of his time, as Citroën He opted for the front-wheel drive at a time when automobiles were usually driven by the rear axle. Leveraging its lower center of gravity, steel monocoque body, lightness and aerodynamic widely studied, the Traction Avant surprised with a dynamic behavior then unknown (handling, agility, stability, etc.), up to please a large audience.
The first Traction Avant (7 CV) marked a revolution in the automotive world. Until then, never a car manufactured in large series had gathered so many innovative details. Work of Flaminio Bertoni, a design genius, the avant-garde and lower than usual line of Traction Avant gave it a unique presence among all models of the time. Interestingly was the favorite car of the police, but also the gangsters; while its image was associated in the collective memory of the occupation of France during World War II. The last Traction Avant left assembly lines in 1957. Had versions to 8 passengers, and 759,123 units, It was in production for over 23 years, a record of longevity for its time.
An icon of the French brand. He has represented like no other model the popular, low-cost car Citroen. His creation French engineer Pierre Jules Boulanger, head of the brand is due when the Michelin family took control of the company. His name "two horses" referred to its fiscal power, although, for example, in Spain it began to be sold with 425 cm3 engine that developed 12 hp. Already in the 80s his mechanics came to pay 35 CV.
Its widespread throughout the world made him a symbol, with its peculiar image, sometimes associated young hipsters "hippie" spirit, but do not forget that the 2 CV also It was highly valued for its ruggedness, especially its variant van, used for multiple activities in the countryside and the city. His ingenious suspension was an essential part of the philosophy of this model and gave him a singular "nod" to circulate. The 2CV is also part of the history of cinema and literature, and received numerous nicknames in different countries. Between 1948 and 1990 there were 5,118,889 of the 2CV, including the van body.
It was a real 'attraction' during his presentation at the Paris Motor Show 1955, as the Citroën DS convulsed automotive codes of the time. A revolutionary car both design signed by Flaminio Bertoni, for their innovative solutions techniques (Hydropneumatic suspension with automatic height corrector disc brakes, power steering, box semi-automatic transmission, etc.). In September 1967 its front was modified with the adoption of four fairings headlights, of which two spun coupled to the address.
The Citroen DS was available in different versions, including a convertible variant. Body break was launched in 1959 and in his family approach emphasized a carrier already generous, distinguished by a central row with retractable transportines and a wide rear bench. Until the end of production in 1975, Citroën sold 1.5 million units of the DS, also known as "Jaws". The current DS distinctive line of the French brand name pays tribute to this charismatic car.
Unveiled 40 years ago, in October 1974 at the Paris Motor Show, the Citroen CX was designed by francés Robert Opron and was the first Diesel brand vehicle manufactured in large series. represented a synthesis of the latest technological advances of the company and is distinguished by a motor-gearbox placed transversely on the front, independent hydropneumatic suspension on all four wheels, the single-arm windscreen wiper, the concave rear screen and even the dashboard futuristic then. Its drag coefficient of 0.35, was a record at the time, and hence comes its name. Citroen CX recently received the title "Golden Car of the Year ' an award that recognizes him as the best car among all the award winners' European Car of the Year "granted since 1964 until today by the press. CX 1,041,560 units, of which more than 17,199 left the Spanish plant Vigo between 1976 and 1980 were made.
Citroën Xsara WRC
In the latest Citroën history it is not easy to choose as emblematic as the previous model, but there is a car It marked the beginning of an era of sporting success for the brand and that, after all, has shared DNA with one of its most popular cars, it is the Citroen Xsara WRC (World Rally Car). Undoubtedly, it has been one of the models of competition that has achieved more success and was not in vain first vehicle to get the World Rally Championship in his first full season. Citroën him Constructors obtained 3 titles, 3 Drivers, 32 wins, 28 second places and 18 third places. The first victory was for the Spanish Jesus Puras in the Rally of Corsica in 2001 and last for francés Sébastian Loeb, in Cyprus in 2006, the most successful specialty pilot with nine World Championship titles.
The Xsara WRC had a four-cylinder engine 2.0 16v Turbo, which It developed a power of 300 hp at 5,500 rpm. Carrying a sequential gearbox 6 speed and wheel drive with differential and active front, rear center electronically controlled. His witness the collected first and then the C4 WRC DS3 WRC, with Citroen has completed 8 constructors' titles.