It must begin with an idea: drivers receive 90 percent of the traffic information through its visual perception, ie the luminous sensation, visual acuity and the ability to recognize colors.These three processes are disturbed at night, because the eye and brain undergoes a greater effort to act quickly and effectively to any unexpected situation.
In addition, add adverse situations such as bad weather; and other additional risks such as the effects of alcohol, drugs, fatigue or the fact that many drivers do not adjust the speed of your car the night visual field, thus making more regulatory non maneuvers.Must take into account all the risks that exist when driving at night. Mainly, the driver loses visual acuity and decreases your field of vision, so it costs more correctly interpret the signals. In addition, darkness can hide dangers that are visible in daylight, so you have to drive with greater caution. The appearance of tiredness and fatigue occurs mainly between 4 and 6 am, when lower our level of alert.Despite these facts, there are people who prefer driving at night by lower traffic density, to drive more relaxed and to maintain a higher speed. But driving at night, the driver must take into account certain factors be in good physical and mental state (without fatigue or illness), the vehicle must be in good condition and travel must be planned in advance, it is, They must know perfectly the itinerary, the location of rest areas, weather conditions, road conditions, etc.1. Reduce speed: You must be able to completely stop the vehicle within the field lighting headlights. On the road, the recommended maximum speed is 90 kilometers per hour.
2. Maintain the safety distance: should not be less than three seconds with the vehicle ahead.
3. Increase the frequency of mirrors glance: At least, we must look at every ten seconds.
4. Increase the frequency of stops: It must be stopped to rest your legs and thoroughly clean the glass so that our vision is unimpeded.
5. At sunset, turn lights crossing: At the first sign of poor vision, we turn on the lights.
6. Stop if fatigue symptoms appear: Ingesting food or energy drink.
7. Stop if drowsiness symptoms appear: Rest about 20 minutes and take some coffee or stimulant drink, and if you are very tired, sleep.
8. Use high beams if possible: On roads where there is no possibility of dazzling other vehicles, use high beams instead of crossing, and will increase our night perception.
9. Remove the beam in overtaking: So that there is no risk of glare, if we pass another vehicle, you must remove the beam and put the cross.
10. Reduce the intensity of light on the instrument panel: The more light you have inside, the worse it looks on the outside.