After estimating 48 of the 116 claims submitted to the Government Council, the Community of Madrid approve definitively the Blue Plan +, protocol included in the Strategy Air Quality and Climate Change to comply designated by the National Law 34/2007, which refers to a marked guideline by the European Union.
The protocol is a conglomeration of actions that will involve all municipalities covered by the Community of Madrid and those who will be forced to impose measures at least as stringent as those being applied at regional level at that time.
In order to improve air quality and reduce pollution and impacts of climate change, Law 34/2007 appeared in the Official Gazette (BOE) on November 16, 2007 and it has been being revised several times until last modification in September 2015.
In this law the importance of air quality and the atmosphere in the health of people, underlined the object thereof, which collects says: "This law is to establish the basis for prevention, monitoring and reducing air pollution in order to avoid and where this is not possible, minimize the damage that this may arise for people, the environment and other property of any kind ".
It therefore emphasizes that administrations should inform and alert (Where applicable) the health risks posed by high pollution episodes, and appropriate measures to reduce as far as possible the harmful effects of the emission of pollutant particles measured to perform.
The law states that all municipalities with more than 100,000 inhabitants are obliged to promote plans to achieve that objective. However, the Community of Madrid has decided to lower the bar and All municipalities with more than 75,000 residents will have to have an antipollution own plan. Thus, Alcala de Henares, Alcobendas, Alcorcón, Fuenlabrada, Getafe, Leganés, Mostoles, Parla, Torrejón, Coslada, Las Rozas, Pozuelo de Alarcón, Rivas Vaciamadrid, San Sebastian de los Reyes and of course, Madrid, enter this category.
The Blue Plan +, levels and restrictions
Adopting some of the rules already applied by the City of Madrid, modifying others and adding some new, Blue + Plan of the Community of Madrid will establish four types of scenarios that will launch different actions, information from the public to the restriction of movement of vehicles in the worst times.
The Community of Madrid has worked to improve communication with the public so that they can start preparing displacements to their workplace in the coming days. Therefore Diego Sanjuanbenito, Director General of the Environment in the Community of Madrid stressed that they are working with the State Meteorological Agency "to have no uncertainty overnight if you can park or in a city or another" .
Thus, it establishes a first level of information and notice when two stations in the same area exceeding 180 micrograms of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) for two consecutive hours. In the event that the amount increased to 200 micrograms of NO2 at two stations in the same area and for two hours followed, the level will increase notice. And it will reach alert level If the 400 micrograms are met for three hours at three stations in the Madrid or three stations in the same subarea of the city of Madrid (or two seasons of subarea 4 of the capital)
Reached these levels, the following will be established four scenarios:
It will be given when it exceeds one day the level of notice and information and it only informative measures will be taken. The Community of Madrid only carry out the measures set their municipalities, advise policy makers through internal and population by social networks and the media and the use of public transport will be promoted through agreements has the Regional Transport Consortium with each municipality.
It will be given when They are exceeded two consecutive days the level of notice and information and one day the warning level. the measures established by each municipality and also be maintained, citizens it will affect the amount of information provided, explained by experts and placing special emphasis on the most sensitive population.
further, It is limited to 90 km / h the maximum speed of the M-40, M-45 and its high capacity routes interior where you can apply the system of variable speed control. It will be recommended to citizens circular 70 km / h on other roads of regional ownership even though the limitation is higher.
It will be given when two consecutive days are exceeded the warning level. In all the above measures will be added to increase the capacity of public transport and limitation of 100 km / h to the maximum speed on roads high capacity radio access Madrid on the outside of the M-50.
It will be given when is reached the alert level, ie for three consecutive hours exceed 400 micrograms of NO2 at three stations in the same area. As for driving only affect to be established mobility plans for companies with more than 250 workers.
Measures beyond road traffic
In the above scenarios we have only taken into account the restrictions that affect the automotive world, but keep in mind that the Community of Madrid will also carry out other measures in severe episodes of high pollution.
In scenario 3 it will be recommended to reduce the use of heating, scheduling flexibility in public administrations will be established and the activities that generate pollution in public works will be limited. To all this, it will be added Scenario 4 plans for emissions reductions in enterprises that require integrated environmental authorization encourage telecommuting to reduce emissions.
Municipalities and the State
From the Community of Madrid you want to work in coordination between administrations and prevent citizens have to comply with various restrictive measures according to their workplace, housing or locality for which are circulating. Thus, It is encouraged to municipalities that should restrict the movement of vehicles is made in terms of efficiency thereof, through the bumper of the DGT, not if enrollment is even or odd, as if held city of Madrid in its central almond in severe episodes contamination.
Further, you want to establish a dialogue with the state to decide what types of measures can be applied on state-owned roads, which are the main routes into the capital for those who travel from outside the Community of Madrid or in the most remote municipalities.
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